Monday, December 2, 2019

Parties in India Essay Example

Parties in India Essay Left Democratic Front  is one of the two major alliances that dominate the political life of the  Indian  state  Kerala. This front is led by  Communist Party of India (Marxist)  (CPI(M)). Since 2006  LDF controls a majority of 99 seats  (out of a total of 140 seats) in the state legislative assembly. After the  2006 Assembly Election, veteran CPI(M) leader  V. S. Achuthanandan  is heading the LDF government in Kerala. Communist Party of India (Marxist) The  Communist Party of India (Marxist)  (abbreviated  CPI(M)  or  CPM) is a  political party  in  India. It has a strong presence in the states of  Kerala,  West Bengal  and  Tripura. As of 2010, CPI(M) is leading the state governments in these three states. The party emerged out of a split from the  Communist Party of India  in 1964. CPI(M) claimed to have 982,155 members in 2007. [2] History Split in the Communist Party of India and formation of CPI(M) CPI(M) emerged out of a division within the  Communist Party of India  (CPI). The undivided CPI had experienced a period of upsurge during the years following the  Second World War. The CPI led armed rebellions in  Telangana,  Tripura  and  Kerala. However, it soon abandoned the strategy of armed revolution in favour of working within the  parliamentary  framework. In 1950  B. T. Ranadive, the CPI general secretary and a prominent representative of the radical sector inside the party, was demoted on grounds of left-adventurism. Under the government of the  Indian National Congress  party of  Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India developed close relations and a strategic partnership with the  Soviet Union. We will write a custom essay sample on Parties in India specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Parties in India specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Parties in India specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The Soviet government consequently wished that the Indian communists moderate their criticism towards the Indian state and assume a supportive role towards the Congress governments. However, large sections of the CPI claimed that India remained a semi-feudalcountry, and that  class struggle  could not be put on the back-burner for the sake of guarding the interests of Soviet trade and foreign policy. Moreover, the Indian National Congress appeared to be generally hostile towards political competition. In 1959 the central government intervened to impose  Presidents Rule  in  Kerala, toppling theE. M. S. Namboodiripad  cabinet (the sole non-Congress state government in the country). Leadership [pic] [pic] CPI(M) leaders at the 18th party congress [pic] [pic] Harkishan Singh Surjeet  and  Jyoti Basu The current general secretary of CPI(M) is Prakash Karat. The 19th party congress of CPI(M), held in  Coimbatore  March 29-April 3, 2008 elected a Central Committee with 87 members. The Central Committee later elected a 15-member  Politburo: ? Prakash Karat ? Sitaram Yechury ? S. Ramachandran Pillai ? Buddhadeb Bhattacharya ? Manik Sarkar ? M. K. Pandhe ? Biman Bose ? Pinarayi Vijayan K. Varadarajan ? B. V. Raghavulu ? Brinda Karat ? Nirupam Sen ? Kodiyeri Balakrishnan ? Mohammad Amin The senior most member,  V. S. Achuthanandan  was removed from the Polit Bureau on July 12, 2009. The 19th congress saw the departure of the last two members of the Polit Bureau who had been on the original Polit Bureau in 1964,  Harkishen Singh Surjeet  and  Jyoti Basu. Communist Party of India The  Communist Party of India  (CPI) is a  political party  in India. In the Indian communist movement, there are different views on exactly when the Indian communist party was founded. The date maintained as the foundation day by CPI is 26 December 1925. But the  Communist Party of India (Marxist), which split-off from the CPI, claims that the party was founded in 1920. The Communist Party of India was founded in  Tashkent, Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on October 17, 1920, soon after the Second Congress of the  Communist International. The founding members of the party were  M. N. Roy, Evelina Trench Roy (Roys wife),  Abani Mukherji, Rosa Fitingof (Abanis wife), Mohammad Ali (Ahmed Hasan), Mohammad Shafiq Siddiqui and  M. P. B. T. Acharya. [1][2] The CPI began efforts to build a party organisation inside India. Roy made contacts with  Anushilan  and  Jugantargroups in  Bengal. Small communist groups were formed in Bengal (led by  Muzaffar Ahmed),  Bombay  (led byS. A. Dange),  Madras  (led by  Singaravelu Chettiar),  United Provinces  (led by  Shaukat Usmani) and  Punjab  (led by  Ghulam Hussain). However, only Usmani became a CPI party member. [3 Revolutionary Socialist Party (India) From Wikipedia, the free encyclop Revolutionary Socialist Party  is a Marxist-Leninist  political party  in  India. The party was founded on March 19, 1940 and has its roots in the  Bengaliliberation movement  Anushilan Samiti  and the  Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. The party got around 0,4% of the votes and three seats in the  Lok Sabha  elections in 1999 and 2004. It is part of the state governments inA major section of the Anushilan movement had been attracted to Marxism during the 1930s, many of them studying Marxist-Leninist literature whilst serving long jail sentences. A minority section broke away from the Anushilan movement and joined the  Communist Consolidation, and later theCommunist Party of India. The majority of the Anushilan marxists did however, whilst having adopted Marxist-Leninist thinking, feel hesitant over joining the Communist Party. [3] The Anushilanites distrusted the political lines formulated by the  Communist International. They criticized the line adopted at the 6th Comintern congress of 1928 as ultra-left sectarian. The Colonial theses of the 6th Comintern congress called upon the communists to combat the national-reformist leaders and to unmask the national reformism of the  Indian National Congress  and oppose all phrases of the Swarajists, Gandhists, etc. bout passive resistance. Moreover, when Indian left-wing elements formed the  Congress Socialist Party  in 1934, the CPI branded it as  Social Fascist. [4]  When the Comintern policy swung towards  Popular Frontism  at its 1935 congress, at the time by which the majority of the Anushilan movement were adopting a marxist-leninist approach), the Anushilan marxists questioned this shift as a betrayal of the internationalist character of the Comintern and felt that the International had been reduced to an agency of Soviet foreign policy. 5]  Moreover, the Anushilan marxists opposed the notion of Socialism in One Country West Bengal,  Kerala  and  Tripura. Janata Dal (Secular The  Janata Dal (Secular)  is a  Centre-left   : ( )Indian  political party[1]  led by former  Prime Minister of India  H. D. Deve Gowda. It was formed in July 1999 by the split of  Janata Dal  party. [2][3]. It has political presence mainly in  Karnataka. In  Kerala, the party is part of the  Left Democratic Front  government. Apart from Mr. Gowda, the Party President other well known members of the party are  H. D. Kumaraswamy  (former Karnataka Chief Minister and President of the Karnataka State Unit of the JD(S), Verrendra Kumar (MP and Kerala Unit President) and H. D. Rewanna (former Union Minister). There is also a National Vice President who is second in command to Mr. Gowda (National President) and a General Secretary in the party. United Democratic Front (India United Democratic Front  (UDF) is an alliance of political parties of  Kerala  state in  India. This alliance is led by the  Indian National Congress. The last UDF government (2001-2006) was led by  Oommen Chandy. UDF lost the state government to the  Left Democratic Front  in the  Kerala Assembly Election  held in 2006. The constituents of UDF:[citation needed] 1. Indian National Congress  (INC) 2. Indian Union Muslim League  (IUML) 3. Kerala Congress (Mani)  (KCM) 4. Socialist Janata (Democratic) Party  of  M. P. Veerendra Kumar 5. Kerala Congress (Balakrishna Pillai)  (KC(B)) of  R. Balakrishna Pillai 6. Kerala Congress (Jacob)  of  T. M. Jacob 7. Janathipathya Samrakshana Samithy  (JSS) of  K. R. Gowri Amma 8. Communist Marxist Party  (CMP) of  M. V. Raghavan 9. Revolutionary Socialist Party (Baby John)  of  Shibu Baby John Indian National Congress The  Indian National Congress  (Hindi:   ) (abbreviated  INC, and also known as the  Congress party) is one of the two  major  political parties in India, the other being the  Bharatiya Janata Party. It is the largest and one of the oldest  democratic  political parties in the world. [3][4][5]  The partysmodern liberal  platform is largely considered  center-left  in  Indian political spectrum. Founded in 1885 by members of the  occultist  movement  Theosophical Society[6]:  Allan Octavian Hume,  Dadabhai Naoroji,  Dinshaw Wacha,  Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee,  Surendranath Banerjee,  Monomohun Ghose,  Mahadev Govind Ranade[7]  and  William Wedderburn, the Indian National Congress became the leader of the  Indian Independence Movement, with over 15 million members and over 70 million participants in its struggle against  British rule  in  India. After independence in 1947, it became the nations dominant  political party, led by the  Nehru-Gandhi family  for the most part; major challenges for party leadership have only recently formed. In the  2009 general elections, the Congress emerged as the single largest party in the  Lok Sabha, with 206 of its candidates getting elected to the 543-member house. Consequently, it along with a coalition of allies called the  United Progressive Alliance  (UPA), was able to gain a majority and form the government. Kerala Congress (Mani) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Kerala Congress (Mani) is a recognised state level political party in the Indian state of Kerala. It was formed in 1979, following a split from the united Kerala Congress. Its chairman is K. M. Mani and Working Chairman is P. J Joseph. Kerala Congress (Mani) is an alliance member of the United Democratic Front. In 2006 it had lost control of state government to LDF. However, in the parliamentary election UDF won and Kerala Congress acquired one seat. Jose K Mani of Kerala Congress (M) scored a thumping majority in the Lok Sabha polls wresting away Kottayam Lok Sabha Constituency from CPI (M). Recently, most of Kerala Congress J of P. J. Joseph merged with Kerala Congress (Mani). However a faction led by P. C. Thomas rebelled against this decision and split the party to form Kerala Congress (Thomas). This resulted in a rise of 3 MLA’s, which made Kerala Congress M the second largest party after INC in UDF. |Chairman |K. M. Mani MLA | |Working Chairman |P. J. Joseph MLA | |Deputy Chairman |C. F. Thomas MLA | |Vice Chairman |P. C. George MLA | Kerala Congress (Balakrishna Pillai) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia |Kerala Congress (B) | |Chairperson |R. Balakrishna Pillai[1] | |Secretary-General |K. B. Ganesh Kumar  [1] | |Ideology |Secular SocialistDemocratic | |Alliance |United Democratic Front | |Politics of India | |Political parties | |Elections | Kerala Congress (B)  is a State level Indian political party in Kerala, formed by  R. Balakrishna Pillai, a former minister of the Government of Kerala. At present, the party has one MLA in the State  Legislative Assembly, namely  K. B. Ganesh Kumar, who has been representing the Pathanapuram constituency in  Kollam District  since 2001. The  Kerala Congress  (B)is a constituent of the Congress led  United Democratic Front(UDF). Balkrishna Pillai was elected to the  Lok Sabha  in 1971 and the State Assembley eight times since 1960. However, in the  2006 election  he was defeated by a little known opponent belonging to the Communist Party of India (Marxist). His son K B Ganesh Kumar, a  Malayalam film  and  television actor, made his electoral debut in 2001, when he was elected from Pathanapuram. He went on to become  Transport Minister  in the A K Antony cabinet. He is currently the Vice-Chairman of the Kerala Congress (B he BJP, a predominantly Indian party, has broken through the Vindhyas and can now bloom in Kerala. On first thoughts , tough but serious planning, a strong leader, a good organisational structure and some favourable political wind can help the BJP to emerge as a strong political force here. 1. Background The BJP has generally come to power on a middle class Hindu support . In Kerala the Hindus are divided into two groups the foward Nair/Menon community and the backward Ezhava /Thiyya community. There are also significant number of Dalits. Now in order for BJP to progress it has to garner the support of these communities. The Ezhavas and SCs are the backbone of CPM, while the Nairs split between Congress and CPM. In order for BJPs rise, the BJP has to destroy the CPM ,there is no other way ! 2. Caste Consolidation The Ezhavas and Nairs are at each others throats in Kerala. Thats the reason why the minorities are running away with all the benefits, therefore the BJP has to consolidate the Hindus for this. Many attempts have been done to unite these warring communities in the past. The BJP almost managed to get the support of the largest community organisation SNDP of Ezhavas. It needs a strong emotive issue to bind them. 3. Christian Party Alliance In addition to this it needs a chrisian party because the only way the BJP can win Kerala is an alliance between the Chrisian and Hindus who together constitute for 75 % of the population of the state . For example the BJP allied with a chrisian Party in 2004 and that party won one seat in Kerala a tremendous achievment for the BJP. The upper class Hindus and Christians are very intergrated in Kerala Society the reason why such an alliance might work though happenings like Kandahamal can virtually finish off such aspirations . 3. A strong leader A strong leader is important in that a rise of any party from the grassroots needs a strong leader , Atalji for BJP , NTR for TDP, MGR for AIIADMK,Balasaheb for Shivsena, Mayawati for BSP list goes on . Therefore basically the BJP has to wait for the time when a leader rises to channel the favourable winds of BJP to votes because there is an old adage that leaders are born ,they cannot be made. Also the BJP Kerala unit needs a strong leader since it is riven with factionalism one reason why it has never won a seat in Kerala . 4 . A BJP Goverment at Centre Kerala being higly literate state it would be easy to sell them the idea of having a stake in both the major alliances at the Centre , this has been implemented in the state with the christian based Kerala Congress having factions in both ruling and opposition fronts . Also a favourable Centre would create administrative conditions to counter a negative state goverment . 5. Momentum Momentum is something undeniable in politics , it creates a wave , a river of political forces which cannot be blocked , for that BJP has to win its first seat in the state , which is tough but the BJP has won several assembly segments in LokSabha elections and has four relative strongholds in Kasargod ,Palakkad ,Thrissur and Trivandrum . and if it breaks through nothing can stop a political force from emerging . To sum up ,a strong leader , a castewise consolidation ,a good alliance partner , a favourable political wind is necessary for BJP to emerge, tough ? well thats why this is just an essay . dheeraj Posts:  143 Joined:  Thu Dec 18, 2008 4:26 pm Top Re: Statetgy for BJP in Kerala [pic]by  sreeks  on Wed Dec 24, 2008 10:08 pm You didnt mention the bitter factional divide in Kerala BJP which cripples the party more than anything. Myself consider the period between 1987 to 2000 was the Golden era of Kerala BJP. Most of those veterans made a strong framework of the party in the state are either outside the party or sidelined pathetically,whether it is K. Ramanpillai or O. Rajagopal. What is the plight of the party full timers ? How many of them are in active service now ? No doubt,our present president is the apt choice,but he need to rise up to the expectations of the ordinary fellow travelers by bringing the old hands back to the mainstream. We need to bury petty ego clashes for the nationalist causes. For lesser mortals like me,KRP,OR,CKP,PKK,all are the members of own family. sreeks Posts:  46 Joined:  Sat Nov 08, 2008 11:55 pm Top Re: Statetgy for BJP in Kerala [pic]by  balaji  on Thu Dec 25, 2008 12:04 pm BJP in Kerala can only grow at the expense of Congress not CPM. BJP should actively court the disgruntled elements in Congress and bring them to the BJP fold. Karunkaran and   |BJP History : Its Birth and Early Growth | |[pic]  Print  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   | |   | |[pic] | | | | |Founder | |Ideologue | |Time-Line | | | |Bharatiya Janata Party is today the most prominent member of the family of organisations known as the Sangh Parivar. And RSS | |has always been dubbed communal, reactionary and what not by its detractors. Sanghs of swayamsevaks have of course always | |shaken off that criticism like so much water off a ducks back. They have never had any doubt that the organisation is wedded to| |national unity, national integrity, national identity and national strength through individual character and national character. | |And today this organisation is poised for a great leap forward. Even its long- time detractors think and say that now BJP is | |unstoppable. What is the story of this national epic? |History is the philosophy of nations. And the Sangh Parivar has a very clear and candid conception of Indian history. Here was a| |great civilization whose glory spread from Sri Lanka to Java and Japan and from Tibet and Mangolia to China and Siberia. While | |it weathered the storms of Huns and Shakas and Greeks it wilted before the Islamic storms of the Turks. However, a 1000-year | |resistance saw this country bloodied but unbowed. Its civilization survived through the heroic efforts of the Vijayanagar Empire| |and of Shivaji, Rana Pratap and Guru Govind Singh and countless heroes and martyrs. |

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